The Geopolitics of Internet Governance – Towards “Digital Cold War” or “Digital Cooperation”?

The landscape of Internet governance has changed in recent years due to the establishment of various geopolitical-based international cooperation.  For example, the European Commission’s declaration on digital rights and principles for the digital decade. The EU also intends to promotes the values across the world.  Another example is that, leaders of China and Russia met in early February and resulted a joint statement on “the International Relations Entering a New Era and the Global Sustainable Development”, indicating that all the countries have equal rights to regulate the Internet. 

On April 28, the United States and 60 Global Partners Launch “Declaration for the Future of the Internet” to form an alliance with strong values on human rights and democracy.  Confronting the current global Internet government split, the United Nations also announced its advocates for “Global Digital Compact”.

Observed by Wolfgang Kleinwächter, a professor at Aarhus University in Denmark, the competition for Internet Governance models in 2021 has grown polarization. On one hand, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), which is composed of nine countries such as China and Russia, promotes new agreement on strengthening the state’s control over the Internet.  On the other hand, the Biden Administration host “The Summit for Democracy” last December gathering more than 100 government leaders, to talk about the approach to counter digital authoritarianism. 

Fortunately, the efforts from the international community to mitigate the digital conflicts have continue.  In addition to the above-mentioned the UN Global Digital Compact, the “Paris Call for Trust and Security in Cyberspace” has been signed by 81 governments already.

The panel invite various stakeholders to address issues such as: with the high involvement of geopolitics and economic interests, will the global Internet governance regime head to “Digital Cold War” or “Digital Cooperation”?  Taiwan has took part in both “Declaration for the Future of the Internet” and “The Summit for Democracy”, but will the current international agenda affect Taiwan’s approach to Internet governance?

Time: 2022/7/27 02:00-04:00PM

Venue: IEAT International Conference Center Meeting 8F Room 2 (No. 350, Songjiang Road, Zhongshan District, Taipei City)

Moderator: Mr. Vincent Chen (National Information Infrastructure Enterprise Promotion Association, Consultant)

Panelists:

  • Ms. Lee, Chyungly (Institute of International Relation, NCCU, Professor)
  • Mr. Peng, Jui-Jen ( The department of political science, Soochow University, Professor)
  • Mr. Kenny Huang (TWNIC, CEO)
  • Mr. Liu, Da-Nien (Chung-Hua Institution for Economic Research, The Regional Development Study Center Research Fellow,Director)

網路治理的地緣政治:邁向「數位冷戰」或「數位合作」?

近年來在網路治理領域,以地緣政治為基礎的合作協議或共同壁壘抵制陸續形成,在國際間掀起一波網路監管的治理議題並引發角力;例如:歐盟於1月底發布以人民為網路治理核心的「數位十年原則」,並有意將此原則推動成為全球標準;中俄兩國元首亦於2月初進行會談,並發表內容包含支持各國擁有平等權利監管網路的「新時代國際關係和全球永續發展聯合聲明」;美國白宮也在4月28日召集60 個國家共同簽署「未來網路宣言」,形成強化人權和民主價值的未來網路聯盟;而面對當前全球網路治理的分裂格局,聯合國則是提倡於2023年達成《全球數位協議》。

根據網路治理國際專家──丹麥Aarhus大學榮譽教授Wolfgang Kleinwächter觀察,2021年全球對於網路治理所進行的競逐活動,已經達到水火不容、兩極化的新巔峰。一方面,由中、俄等9國組成的上海合作組織 (SCO)透過元首峰會,推動締結新協議,以強化國家掌控網路;另一方面,由拜登政府於12月召開且共100多國參與的首屆「民主峰會」,則討論如何對抗數位威權主義,及建立前述的「未來網路聯盟」。所幸,國際間對於減緩數位衝突仍然不遺餘力,除了上述聯合國的努力外,還有已獲81國政府簽署的「巴黎呼籲:網路空間的信任與安全」等國際倡議。

全球網路治理格局,在地緣政治積極介入與經濟利益追逐下,究竟將走向兩極對立的「數位冷戰」,或是化解分歧的「數位合作」? 我國繼去年參與美國白宮的「民主峰會」後,今年也加入了「未來網路聯盟」,這些國際議程將如何影響全球的網路發展和我國的網路治理?本座談將邀請不同利害關係人的專家代表,帶您共同探討網路治理的地緣政治新局。

 

時間及地點

時間:2022年7月27日 , 14:00-16:00

地點:IEAT國際會議中心8樓綜合教室/Webex會議室
          ****本活動採實體與線上同步進行****

議程

14:00–14:05     活動介紹

14:05–15:45     焦點座談

  • 主持人-陳文生 顧問(NII財團法人中華民國國家資訊基本建設產業發展協進會)
  • 與談人-
    • 李瓊莉 教授(國立政治大學國際關係研究中心)
    • 彭睿仁 助理教授(東吳大學政治學系)
    • 黃勝雄 執行長(財團法人台灣網路資訊中心)
    • 劉大年 主任(中華經濟研究院區域發展研究中心)

15:45–16:00        現場問答