Enhancing transparency of social media platforms: multi-stakeholder perspectives

Disinformation and ‘fake news’ continued to flood the social media platforms in 2022. In Taiwan, we are seeing such phenomenon especially surrounding issues such as Pelosi’s visit to Taiwan, PRC military drills, the pandemic and vaccines, and Russian invasion in Ukraine. As the society’s dependence on interactions on the Internet platforms deepens, we are seeing trends advocating for paid ads indication and algorithm publication. This is meant to help the public understand the origin and motives of the information they are perceiving. Moreover, we would be able to better understand the impact of disinformation on public discourse, while holding the platform providers accountable for their actions (or inactions).  

The United States has published 8 regulations in the past 2 years concerning enhancing social media platforms transparency. The Platform Accountability and Transparency Act (PATA) passed last year mandates platform providers like Meta, YouTube and Twitter to share data with independent researchers. A new set of Chinese regulations aimed at restricting tech companies’ usage of algorithmic recommendations went into effect this March, and the Chinese regulatory office released a list this August of 30 algorithms alongside a brief description of their purpose from the Chinese tech giants including Alibaba and Tencent. The Taiwanese draft Digital Services Intermediary Act that has been at the center of the public’s attention recently would require the defined intermediaries to disclose their advertising and recommendation algorithms while streamlining the process for obtaining court orders to remove illegal content.

The above different acts serve different purposes; while they are common in enforcing transparency by mandating information disclosure, the proposed audience of such information, the mandated category of information disclosed, and the level of disclosure vary. In this panel, we will invite experts from different stakeholder groups to share their perspectives on such regulatory initiative. The aim is to foster discussions regarding the critical concerns in the law-making process; how do we find the balance between privacy protection, free speech, while decreasing polarization exacerbated by social media platforms.

 

Time: 2022/10/25 02:00-04:00PM

Venue: IEAT International Conference Center Meeting 8F Room 2 (No. 350, Songjiang Road, Zhongshan District, Taipei City)

Moderator:
• Prof. Jason Ho, Taiwan Society of Convergence
Panelist:
•Allen Lee, Manager of Corporate Affairs, LINE Taiwan
• Kuan-Ju Chou, Digital Rights Specialist of Taiwan Association of Human Rights
• Ken-Ying Tseng, Attorney-at-Law of LEE AND LI
• Chih-Liang Yeh, Professor of Department of Information Communication. Yuan Ze University

提高社群平台透明度:多方利害關係人觀點

不實訊息、假新聞或虛假資訊在2022年度持續氾濫於社群平台,環繞著數個我們熟悉的幾個重大事件:裴洛西訪台、軍演、疫情與疫苗、美國選舉,以及俄烏戰爭等。隨著社會越來越依賴網路平台交流互動,從法律面要求網路平台資訊揭露,如付費廣告的標示、演算法運作模式的公開等,似已成為趨勢,目的是協助大眾認知訊息的來源或可能企圖,進一步理解不實訊息對公眾輿論的影響,並使平台業者對其作為(或不作為)負責。

例如,美國在過去2年陸續推出8項與要求社群平台提高透明度有關的法案,當中於去年底提出的《平台責任和透明度法案》(PATA)中,明確要求Facebook、YouTube 和 Twitter 等平台業者與獲特定條件核准的研究人員分享內部資料;中國《互聯網信息服務算法推薦管理規定》在今年3月1日正式生效後,其監管機關在8月中即公布多家中國科技巨頭的演算法原理與目的清單,目的之一是要控制不正當的網路評論與輿論。而國內最受矚目的則是《數位中介服務法草案》,要求定義下的數位中介服務提供者應揭露或公告的資訊內涵,以及配合主管機關限制認定違法內容的存取等。

這些不同法案各自有其目標,即便共同處是揭露資訊之透明度要求,各法所提議透明度的受眾、應揭露資訊種類,以及揭露程度也有差異。本座談將邀請不同專家與利害關係人,參考國際作法,就國內情境,針對社群平台業者的透明度受眾、哪些資訊應當透明化,以及透明度實施方式等面向,分別從其觀點分享並討論在法律規劃設計方面的重點或考量點,才能在顧及用戶隱私且保留言論自由的同時,也減緩社群平台上日益嚴重的極化問題。

時間及地點

時間:2022年10月25日 , 14:00-16:00

地點:IEAT國際會議中心8樓綜合教室/Webex會議室
          ****本活動採實體與線上同步進行****

議程

14:00-14:05  活動介紹
14:05-15:45  焦點座談

  • 主持人-何吉森 教授(台灣匯流研究學會)
  • 與談人-
        • 李裕翔 經理(LINE Taiwan_台灣連線股份有限公司 公共事務部)
        • 周冠汝 專員(台灣人權促進會)
        • 曾更瑩 律師(理律法律事務所)
        • 葉志良 教授(元智大學資訊傳播學系)

15:45-16:00  現場問答